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© Brian Grossenbacher www.grossenbackphoto.com
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Zen And The Art Of Fly-Casting

The "ring of the rise" and the circular symbol are so connected.

The ring of zen"The archer ceases to be conscious of himself as the one who is engaged in hitting the bull's-eye which confronts him. This state of unconscious is realized only when, completely empty and rid of the self, he becomes one with the perfecting of his technical skill, though there is in it something of a quite different order which cannot be attained by any progressive study of the art..."
Eugen Herrigel.

R.Valentine Atkinson www.valatkinson.com Zen in fly fishing Zen in fly fishing Zen in fly fishing

To cast the perfect loop, the beauty of a river, dances with trout these are my passions and life long pursuit!

Flyfishing is a way of life, a philosophical attitude, which stands for values such as respect for nature, for tolerance, tranquility, self-composure, the ability to enjoy and a readiness for measure and self contemplation.
The rivers keep us humble, they offer us enlightenment and the trout teach us gratitude.
The fly fisher moves slowly and carefully.
He avoids all haste. He can wait and observe.
He takes his time and that is one of the most rewarding experiences in fly fishing. It makes you conscious of time and lets you discover the fascination of moving slowly.
It is not humans who set the pace here but nature itself.
Time to focus, to reflect, to retreat for the sake of renewal and understanding.
The art of fly casting is inherently a spiritual practice. For me fly fishing and fly casting are a path to a nature orientated spirituality.
Something happens when I stand in a stream.
The surroundings, the quiet, the silence.
Most people measure a days fishing by the quantitiy of fish caught.
I will tell you a secret, the catch is much bigger than that.
Standing in the stream I catch a space in time where the only sounds I hear are the wind in the trees and the music of the water.
My catch grows as I look up and take in the magnificant surroundings around me.
After a while casting and seeing and hearing and just breathing, I find my rythme. I catch up with my self.
I catch a bit of my childhood.
The catch in other words is to big for words.

One who has attained mastery of an art reveals it in every action. (Samurai Maxim)

Mark Lance http://www.riverlightimages.com © Marcel Siegle http://flyfishingjunkie.com/ © Kevin Perry Angus Drummond www.angusdrummond.com © Aleksandar Vrtaric © Aleksandar Vrtaric

Zen In The Art Of Fly Casting

When I first had the feeling of how the rod bent during the cast I knew that I had to find out what this was all about. I felt that it was a kind of meditation although I had never tried it before. Once I read an article about how some musician’s trained their concentration by learning archery trough Zen. So I started to investigate anything I could come across concerning Zen and archery and found a wonderful little book written by a man from Germany about how he learned archery trough Zen.

Zen is to use your consciousness to learn good behaviors and during hours of training letting your unconsciousness take over. Think about when you learned to ride a bicycle - it happened that way. Inspired by my reading I have the following suggestions of how to improve your cast.

Remember to breath while fly casting. Find a rhythm where you breath in so your chest lifts, hold back for a while until you breath out using approximately double as long time for breathing our as when you breathed in. Do it so you start breathing in when you start a back cast and breath our when your front cast starts or when you shoot line/lay down line on the water. Beside the fact that you can go on much longer casting because your muscles get oxygen you will also feel very comfortable and relaxed while fly casting.

When you want to improve a known cast try to concentrate on how the rod loads and unloads. It is actually possible to feel when the cast is perfect and combined with the way of breathing it is close to meditation.

When you start training a new cast make sure that you can do it perfect each time. Only use as much line as your skills can control. If it is a tricky cast like learning to do the double haul start without a rod in your hand and do the movements as slow as possible so you can do it correct each time. This way you use your consciousness to learn good manners and your body how to coordinate muscles. This is where you might need an instructor - to guide you to learn the right manner that is all he/she can do. The casting is up to you.

As an instructor you must be aware that all you can do is to teach the student good manners you can not transfer your casting experiences in your body to the student. He/she has to make there own experiences through training.

The acceleration and the stop in the front cast has to be equal to the back cast. If the front cast is okay one can learn quite a lot about the back cast by closing the eyes during the cast. Feel the difference and try to do the back cast so it feels the same way as the front cast.

Morten Wadstrom | www.beyondflycasting.com

© Marcel Siegle http://flyfishingjunkie.com/ © Brian Grossenbacher www.grossenbackphoto.com © Brian Grossenbacher www.grossenbackphoto.com © Marcel Siegle http://flyfishingjunkie.com/ Fly Fishing janbechkristensen.com

Zen In The Art Of Fly Fishing

How do you make virtually any beginning or intermediate fly fisher improve immediately? And without a single casting tip or hint on tactics. You may be surprised to learn that it doesn’t require any physical changes whatsoever, yet has the potential to dramatically improve your skills. Whether it be getting your fly to the target more often, achieving a better drift, or hooking more fish the secret, in a word, is focus. And the lack thereof is responsible for more missed opportunities than any other single factor in fly fishing.

We now tend to use modern colloquialisms for what singularly used to be referred to as concentration. I like the word focus because it most accurately evokes a feeling for the state of consciousness I am referring to. It seems to me that the modern conception of concentration implies a willful act (that of concentrating) on a singular point of interest while "being focused" refers to a similar state of being, but in a perhaps broader sense. But that’s just my interpretation of modern day language. Whether you prefer the word concentration or focus, it matters not. For the purposes of this column they are one in the same and will be used interchangeably throughout.

I'm in the zone, Man, I'm in the zone!

Focus is sometimes called "being in the zone." "The zone" is a state of consciousness characterized by your total awareness converging on the task at hand. That task may require the assimilation of stimuli from a number of various sources (for example, knowing where all four of your teammates are on the basketball court at the same time) or it may require you to concentrate on a single point of interest when you determine it is in your best interests (for example, the front rim during a foul shot). You may well vacillate between a singular interest and a broader awareness. At the same time irrelevant stimuli (such as the screaming crowd) are filtered out. Whatever you do, it is imperative that said task be the most important thing in the world to you at the time.
Focus does not involve thinking and cannot be forced. You can only allow it to happen. In other words, if you are concentrating on concentrating, you are not concentrating at all.

To put it all in plain english, too many fly fishers are simply not paying attention to what they are doing! Their thoughts are on the last fish they missed, the stock market, the last fish their friend missed, the bond market, a fish they hooked and lost ten years ago, whatever. Their mind is everywhere but in the present, the here and now. As a guide I am often regaled with someone’s "greatest day ever" fishing story while the storyteller is missing copious opportunities and perhaps an even greater day because of their constant chatter and corresponding lack of focus.

I once had a client spend over half an hour on a yarn about a bowl of soup he once enjoyed. I’m not making this up. In the meantime he was missing fish after fish yet complaining he hadn’t gotten a big one yet. Sure enough, a well-endowed cutthroat finally gobbled his fly and ... well, I really don’t need to tell you what happened next, do I? Other than what immediately followed was total silence (as I choked back the urge to scream).

Concentration and/or focus is a form of meditation where all but the task at hand is allowed to fall away. Responsibilities and worries are temporarily forgotten. The passage of time goes unnoticed. I often have clients who can’t believe how quickly the day is passing. I view this as a good sign. They are, at the very least, absorbed in the act of fly fishing which, to me, indicates a desire to learn, a very good starting point.

Chill out and take a deep breath

© Douglas Barnes http://www.nowpicturethis.com/ © Douglas Barnes http://www.nowpicturethis.com/ © Douglas Barnes http://www.nowpicturethis.com/ © Nick Price http://nickpricephotography.com/ © Nick Price http://nickpricephotography.com/  © Nick Price http://nickpricephotography.com/  © Will Rice http://willricephoto.zenfolio.com/contact.html

Over the years I have found that proper breathing is of great benefit in helping one achieve the proper focus whether it be on the stream, the golf course, or on the sharp end of the rope as the leader on a rock climb. Focus requires a relaxed (but not limp) body, in conjunction with an alert mind. As tension insidiously creeps into the body one has the tendency to hold one’s breath. If time permits, three slow deliberate deep breaths will melt away the tension. It also helps tremendously to exhale just before performing an athletic act, such as casting a fly rod. As the last bit of air leaves the lungs, make your move. This critical moment is when the body is most at rest and tension free.

Another technique I can relate helps me focus on my target while casting, which translates into more accuracy. If you’ve ever been a baseball or softball pitcher, this will come naturally. Pick out a target, and keep your eye on it until your fly arrives there (please read this sentence again). If you do not allow your focus to waver from your target, it is truly amazing how the mind will make the muscles hit the mark with pinpoint precision. With good casting technique and practice you will eventually develop a feel for nailing your target simply by focusing on it. Think of it as willing your fly to the spot.

I’m reminded of a story I heard long ago which illustrates the importance and depth of concentration required for achieving pinpoint accuracy. The two best archers in the village were to test their skills against one another by attempting to hit a fish which had been hung on a somewhat distant tree. When the first archer was asked what he saw, he replied he saw a fish hanging from a tree. When the second, and ultimately victorious, archer was asked what he saw, he replied, "I see the eye of a fish."

The moral of the story for the focused angler is that when choosing a target, choose the exact location where you want your fly to land. Don’t merely cast to a pool where you know a fish lies, cast to a one inch square within that pool. Focus on that one inch square. Be precise in your aim so that your cast can be precise as well.

Capitalizing On Your Opportunities

I don’t know how many times we’ll finish a day on a river and feel that while it was a slow day overall, had we capitalized on the opportunities we were presented, it would have turned out pretty well. This is because it is difficult to maintain focus on slow days when strikes might be separated by thirty minutes or so. But over an eight hour day, that’s sixteen strikes. Land half those fish and it’s not a half bad day.

Air traffic controllers know this. They don’t work eight hours straight because it’s impossible to maintain the degree of vigilance necessary to perform their jobs at the level required. While lives are not on the line when fly fishing, there is still a lesson to be learned. Focus is difficult to maintain for long periods at a time.

When fishing is slow and your attention is wavering there are two things I like to do to help keep my mind in the ball game. The first involves visualization. After a long period of inactivity most anglers will miss that first strike when it finally comes. To help prevent this from occurring, try visualizing a fish rolling up to eat your fly as it drifts along unmolested. This keeps your mind alert and your muscles in a state of readiness so they will react faster when the take eventually does come.

It may sound obvious, but another good idea is to develop the habit of always paying attention to your fly when it is on the water. I have a rule for myself in this regard. Never leave a fly in the water unattended. If I want to look at the scenery, or take a drink of water, or perhaps watch my fishing partner, I take my fly out of the water. Why do that when I might actually get lucky by leaving my fly on the water? You know the old adage, you can’t catch a fish without your fly on the water. The reason is this ... I want to develop the mind set that when my fly is on the water I am going to be paying attention to it at all times. It has to do with habits. I readily admit that I don’t always follow this rule, but I try to.

Perhaps you’re skeptical at this point. The notion that concentration alone will make you the next Lee Wulff overnight might be stretching it a bit. You’re right. It won’t. But you will improve. With practice and good fundamental casting technique, you will get successively closer and closer to your target, ultimately willing your fly to the spot. By paying attention to surface currents you will get better drifts because you will instinctively know when to mend. And by not letting the mind wander you will hook more fish because your mind is alert. Putting it all together will still take time and practice, but your improvement can begin immediately, if you let it happen.

Guy Turck | www.turcktarantula.com